ZONING ORDINANCE

WHITE OAK TOWNSHIP

INGHAM COUNTY, MICHIGAN

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PREAMBLE

ENACTING CLAUSE

ARTICLE I PURPOSE AND INTRODUCTION

ARTICLE II CONSTRUCTION OF LANGUAGE

ARTICLE III DEFINITIONS

ARTICLE IV GENERAL PROVISIONS

Sec. 4.1 Conflicting Regulations

Sec. 4.2 Scope

Sec. 4.3 Streets, Alleys, and Railroad Rights-of-Way

Sec. 4.4 Permitted Uses

Sec. 4.5 Permitted Area

Sec. 4.6 Permitted Height

Sec. 4.7 Lot Area, Yards, and Open Space Requirements

Sec. 4.8 Yard Encroachments

Sec. 4.9 Use of Yard Spaces and Other Open Other Areas for Storage

Sec. 4.10 Essential Public Service Facilities

Sec. 4.11 Street Access

Sec. 4.12 Obstructions to Vision

Sec. 4.13 Dwellings in Non-Residential Districts

Sec. 4.14 One Single-Family or Manufactured Home Structure Per Lot

Sec. 4.15 Occupancy: Temporary Garages, Accessory Buildings Basement Apartments Prohibited

Sec. 4.16 Accessory Buildings, Structures and Uses In Single Family Residential and Agricultural Zones

Sec. 4.17 Parking and Storage of Campers, Travel Trailers and Boats

Sec. 4.18 Automobile Service Stations and Public Garages

Sec. 4.19 Building Grades

Sec. 4.20 Temporary and Portable Buildings, Uses, Structures and Special Events

Sec. 4.21 Buildings to be Moved

Sec. 4.22 Removal of Soil, Sand, Clay, Gravel, or Similar Materials; Quarry Excavation; Filling Operations

Sec. 4.23 Excavations or Holes

Sec. 4.24 Farm Ponds

Sec. 4.25 Recreational or Scenic Ponds

Sec. 4.26 Restoring Unsafe Buildings

Sec. 4.27 Construction Begun Prior to Adoption of Ordinance

Sec. 4.28 Voting Place

Sec. 4.29 Approval of Plats or Condominiums

Sec. 4.30 Communication Towers

Sec. 4.31 Open Air Business Uses

Sec. 4.32 Protective Screening of Non-Residential Areas from Residential Areas

Sec. 4.33 Landscaping Requirements and Plant Materials, Buffer Strip and Greenbelt Standards

Sec. 4.34 Fences, Walls and Other Protective Barriers

Sec. 4.35 Outdoor Trash Containers

Sec. 4.36 Private Swimming Pools

Sec. 4.37 Commercial Bulk Storage of Flammable Substance

Sec. 4.38 Site Plan Review and Approval Procedures

Sec. 4.39 Special Approval Requirements

Sec. 4.40 Keeping of Horses, Livestock and Other Animals

Sec. 4.41 Signs

Sec. 4.42 Manufactured Housing outside Mobile Home Parks

Sec. 4.43 Performance Guarantees

Sec. 4.44 Home Occupation

Sec. 4.45 Adult-Regulated Uses

Sec. 4.46 Condominium Projects

Sec. 4.47 State Licensed Residential Care Facilities

Sec. 4.48 Exotic Animals

Sec. 4.49 Wells

ARTICLE V NON-CONFORMING STRUCTURES AND LOTS

Sec. 5.1 Non-Conformance Regulated

Sec. 5.2 Non-Conforming Uses of Land

Sec. 5.3 Non-Conforming Uses of Structures

Sec. 5.4 Non-Conforming Structures

Sec. 5.5 Non-Conforming Lots of Record

Sec. 5.6 Repairs and Maintenance

Sec. 5.7 Reconstruction of Damaged Non-Conforming Buildings and Structures

Sec. 5.8 Moving

Sec. 5.9 Change of Tenancy or Ownership

Sec. 5.10 Certificate of Occupancy for Non-Conforming Uses

Sec. 5.11 Plans Already Filed

Sec. 5.12 Non-Conforming Historic Structures

Sec. 5.13 Non-Conforming Farms

ARTICLE VI OFF-STREET PARKING AND LOADING REQUIREMENTS

Sec. 6.1 Required Off-Street Parking, General

Sec. 6.2 Parking Requirements for Agricultural Uses

Sec. 6.3 Table of Off-Street Parking Requirements

Sec. 6.4 Off-Street Parking Lot Layout, Standards, Construction and Maintenance

Sec. 6.5 Off-Street Loading and Unloading

ARTICLE VII MAPPED DISTRICTS

Sec. 7.1 Districts

Sec. 7.2 Zoning Map

ARTICLE VIII SCHEDULE OF REGULATIONS

ARTICLE IX AG, AGRICULTURAL DISTRICT

Sec. 9.1 Statement of Purpose

Sec. 9.2 Principal Permitted Uses

Sec. 9.3 Permitted Uses After Special Approval

Sec. 9.4 Area, Height, Bulk and Placement Requirements

ARTICLE X RE, RURAL ESTATE RESIDENTIAL DISTRICT

Sec. 10.1 Statement of Purpose

Sec. 10.2 Principal Permitted Uses

Sec. 10.3 Permitted Uses After Special Approval

Sec. 10.4 Area, Height, Bulk and Placement Requirements

ARTICLE XI R-M, HIGHER DENSITY RESIDENTIAL DISTRICT

Sec. 11.1 Statement of Purpose

Sec. 11.2 Principal Permitted Uses

Sec. 11.3 Permitted Uses After Special Approval

Sec. 11.4 Required Conditions

Sec. 11.5 Area, Height, Bulk and Placement Requirements

ARTICLE XII C-1, NEIGHBORHOOD COMMERCIAL DISTRICT

Sec. 12.1 Statement of Purpose

Sec. 12.2 Principal Permitted Uses

Sec. 12.3 Permitted Uses After Special Approval

Sec. 12.4 Required Conditions

Sec. 12.5 Site Plan Review

Sec. 12.6 Area, Height, Bulk and Placement Requirements

ARTICLE XIII M-1, LIGHT INDUSTRIAL DISTRICT

Sec. 13.1 Statement of Purpose

Sec. 13.2 Principal Permitted Uses

Sec. 13.3 Permitted Uses After Special Approval

Sec. 13.4 Industrial Performance Standards

Sec. 13.5 Compliance with County and State Regulations

Sec. 13.6 Site Plan Review

Sec. 13.7 Area, Height, Bulk and Placement Requirements

ARTICLE XIV ADMINISTRATION AND ENFORCEMENT

Sec. 14.1 Enforcement

Sec. 14.2 Duties and Qualifications of Zoning Administrator

Sec. 14.3 Zoning Permits

Sec. 14.4 Fees

Sec. 14.5 Tickets

ARTICLE XV AMENDMENTS

Sec. 15.1 Initiation of Amendment

Sec. 15.2 Zoning Board Review

Sec. 15.3 Action by the Zoning Board

Sec. 15.4 Review Consideration

Sec. 15.5 Notice of Record of Amendment Adoption

ARTICLE XVI BOARD OF ZONING APPEALS

Sec. 16.1 Creation of Board of Zoning Appeals

Sec. 16.2 Board Membership

Sec. 16.3 Meetings

Sec. 16.4 Notice of Hearing

Sec. 16.5 Powers of Board of Zoning Appeals Concerning Variances

Sec. 16.6 Board of Zoning Appeals Approval

Sec. 16.7 Approval Period

Sec. 16.8 Filing Fee

ARTICLE XVII INTERPRETATION AND APPLICATION

Sec. 17.1 Interpretation, Purpose and Conflict

ARTICLE XVIII VIOLATIONS AND PENALTIES

Sec. 18.1 Township Municipal Civil Infraction

Sec. 18.2 Penalties

Sec. 18.3 Nuisance Per Se

ARTICLE XIX VALIDITY

Sec. 19.1 Validity

ARTICLE XX CONFLICTING PROVISIONS REPEALED

Sec. 20.1 Conflicting Provisions Repealed

ARTICLE XXI SAVINGS CLAUSE, SEVERABILITY AND EFFECTIVE DATE

Sec. 21.1 Savings Clause

Sec. 21.2 Severability

Sec. 21.3 Effective Date

 

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